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Antenna array

Complex directional antenna consists of separate near-omnidirectional antennas (radiating elements) positioned in the space and driven by high-frequency …

(from 'Glossary' of our web–site)

Vladimir Vasilyevich Koryshev, Leading Researcher of Research Institute (Kaluga, Russia), Candidate of Science in technics.

Viсtor Ivanovich Chulkov, Leading Researcher of Research Institute (Kaluga, Russia).
He is the author and head of the project “EDS–Soft” since 2002.
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Numerical analysis of level of uncoupling between transmitting and receiving broadband arrays with allowance for beam formers

Published: 03/25/2008

Suppose, that all subarrays are belong to infinite two–dimensional AA and all feeder line have equal wave resistance. Failing loss in BF they can be circumscribed with unitary scattering matrix with the zero–order terms on principal diagonal. Let BF generates in outcomes GPD, which in general case can be described with complex–valued functions , i=1,2. Indices i=1,2 conform with BF1 and BF2.

For emitting subarray under unit amplitude of principle wave in input, in BF1 outcomes we`ll get follows amplitudes of same wave:

 (2)

At that wave amplitudes in secondary subarrays radiator will equal to:

 (3)

where Cpt — mutual coupling coefficient between infinite AA radiators and wave amplitude in BF2 input is:

 (4)

Then formula (1) taking into account (2), (3), (4) can be written as:

where P1 is connected with infinite AA radiators interaction, P2 is determined from gain distribution on BF outcomes and doesn’t depend on phase distribution, radiator`s type and their position in array.

Taking into account linkage between coefficient Cst and reflectance , depending on equal–amplitude feed of infinite AA with linear phase progression, expression can be written as follows:

 (5)

where * — complex conjugation symbol

 (6)

, — differential phase shift lengthwise OX and OY. f1 and f2 functions represent subarray multiplier and possess only the finite data modulo for realizable gain–phase distribution.

On the basis of expression analysis (5) it’s possible to develop the follows relation approach of AA and BF for wideband bypassing increase, concerned with radiators interaction (in case then subarrays workspaces are in etch angle sector):

— in etch angle sector and given frequency band of infinite AA radiator reflectance Г should take on a lower–range value modulo (in the limit — zero value for all ):

— BF1 and BF2 have to generate in outcomes GPD, then "basis ray" of f1, f2 functions should be narrow at most and "side lobes" should have lower–range value modulo (in the limit — zero value for all ) in the invisible angle sector (where |Г| = 1 in case of diffraction lobe of higher order lack):

then

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References

1. Agafurov I. N., Lavrushev V. I., Sedelnikov Y. E. Passive radiator usage in points of antenna decoupling increase. – Kazan: KAI, 1985 – Dep. UISTI, №3495–85. (In Russian).
2. Lavrushev V. I., Sedelnikov V. I. Antenna construction taking into account decoupling request //Radioelectronica, – 1980, v.XXIII, №2, р.31…38. (In Russian).
3. Kyurkchan A. G. The bond between antennas with ribbed structure present// Radiotechnics and Electronics. – 1977, v.XXII, №7, p.1362…1373. (In Russian).
4. Chulkov V. I. About widebandedness of flat antenna arrays of microstrip radiators. // Second All−Union Science−Technical conference “Devices and methods of applied electrodynamics”, 9…13 September, 1991 (Odessa). Report theses. – M.: MAI, 1991, p. 148. (In Russian).
5. Chaplin A. F. Analysis and synthesis of antenna arrays. – Lvov: LSU, 1987. – 179p. (In Russian).
6. Barton D., Vard G. Handbook on radar measuremnts/Translated from English edited by Veisbein M. M. – M: Sov. radio, 1976. – 392p. (In Russian).
7. Korn G., Korn T. Reference book for persons engaged in scientific research and engineers. //Translation from English edited by Aramanovich I. G. – М.: Science, 1968. – 720p. (In Russian).
8. Handbook on special functions/Edited by. M. Abramowitz and I. Stigan /Translated from English by V. A. Ditkin and L. N. Karmazina. – M.: Nauka, 1979. – 830 p. (In Russian).

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